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The amount of CO2 sequestered by a tree depends on the species, the altitude, and the age of the tree. The tree consumes more CO2 as it is growing and once it matures, it becomes a permanent reservoir of CO2. Thus, in order to calculate how much CO2 a forest can capture, the experts must go out into the field and measure every single tree in the forest and use a formula to calculate its biomass. But forests change, so in order to compensate responsibly, this measurement must be redone each year.

To qualify as a biodiversity hotspot, an area must have at least 1,500 endemic vascular plants and must have 30% or less of its original natural vegetation.

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